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英语中最易混淆的17组词语

时间:2017-06-09 22:03来源:未知 作者:admin 点击:
摘要:Here are some of the most commonly confused English word pairs. They have been chosen especially for ESL learners. 下面是最为常见的易混淆的英语词组,它们是专为那些将英语作为第二语言的学习者挑选出来的。

Here are some of the most commonly confused English word pairs. They have been chosen especially for ESL learners.

下面是最为常见的易混淆的英语词组,它们是专为那些将英语作为第二语言的学习者挑选出来的。

 

 1.beside / besides

 beside: preposition meaning 'next to', 'at the side of'

介词,意为“紧挨着”“在······旁边”。

 Examples:

例子

 I sit beside John in class.

上课时我坐在约翰旁边。

 Could you get me that book? It's beside the lamp.

你能把那本书给我吗?它就放在灯的旁边。

 besides: adverb meaning 'also', 'as well'; preposition meaning 'in addition to'

副词,意为“也”“同样地”;做介词时意为“除此之外”。

 Examples:

例子:

 (adverb) He's responsible for sales, and a lot more besides.

(副词)他负责销售,以及其他许多事。

 

(preposition) Besides tennis, I play soccer and basketball.(介词)除了网球,我还喜欢足球和篮球。

 

2.clothes / cloths

 clothes: something you wear - jeans, shirts, blouses, etc.

你穿的衣物,如牛仔裤、衬衫、上衣等。

 Examples:

例子:

 Just a moment, let me change my clothes.

等一会儿,让我先换个衣服。

 Tommy, get your clothes on!

汤米,把你的衣服穿好!

 cloths: pieces of material used for cleaning or other purposes.

用来做清洁或其他用途的材料。

 Examples:

例子:

 There are some cloths in the closet. Use those to clean the kitchen.

壁橱里有一些布。用它们来清洁厨房吧。

 

 I have a few pieces of cloth that I use.我有一些用过的布快。

 3.dead / died

 dead: adjective meaning 'not alive'

形容词,意为“无生命的”

 Examples:

例子:

 Unfortunately, our dog has been dead for a few months.

不幸的是,我们的狗已经去世几个月了。

 Don't touch that bird. It's dead.

别碰那只鸟。它已经死了。

 

died: past tense and past participle of the verb 'to die'

动词die的过去式和过去分词形式。

 Examples:

例子:

 His grandfather died two years ago.

他的祖父两年前去世了。

 A number of people have died in the accident.

许多人在这场意外中丧生。

 4.experience / experiment

 experience: noun meaning something that a person lives through.

名词,意为某人经历的某事。

 

- also used as an uncountable noun meaning 'knowledge gained by doing something'

也可以用作不可数名词,表示“通过完成某事而获得的知识”。

 Examples:

例子:

 (first meaning)His experiences in Germany were rather depressing.

(第一种)他在德国的经历相当凄惨。

 (second meaning) I'm afraid I don't have much sales experience.

(第二种)恐怕我的销售经验不足。

 experiment: noun meaning something that you do to see the result. Often used when speaking about scientists and their studies.

名词,意为为了得到结果而做的某事。常在谈论科学家及其研究时使用。

 Examples:

例子:

 They did a number of experiments last week.

上周,他们做了许多实验。

 Don't worry it's just an experiment. I'm not going to keep my beard.

别担心,只是个实验而已。我不打算留胡子。

 5.felt / fell

 felt: past tense and past participle of the verb 'to feel'

动词feel的过去式和过去分词形式。

 Examples:

例子:

 I felt better after I had a good dinner.

一顿丰盛的晚饭后,我感觉好多了。

 He hasn't felt this well for a long time.

他很久都没有感觉这么好了。

 fell: past tense of the verb 'to fall'

动词fall的过去式。

 Examples:

例子:

 He fell from a tree and broke his leg.

他从树上掉下来,摔伤了腿。

 Unfortunately, I fell down and hurt myself.

不幸的是,我掉了下来,受了伤。

 6.female / feminine

 female: the sex of a woman or animal

女人或雌性动物。

 Examples:

例子:

 The female of the species is very aggressive.

这种雌性生物极具攻击力。

 

The question 'female or male' means 'are you a woman or a man'.

这个“女或男”的问题问的是“你是女人还是男人”。

 feminine: adjective describing a quality or type of behaviour that is considered typical for a woman

形容词,用来描述女性常有的特征或行为方式。

 Examples:

例子:

 He's an excellent boss with a feminine intuition.

他是一位优秀的老板,有着女性的直觉。

The house was decorated in a very feminine manner.

这座房子的装饰非常女性化。

 7.its / it's

 its: possessive determiner similar to 'my' or 'your'

物主限定词,类似于my或your。

 Examples:

例子:

 Its color is red.

它是红色的。

 The dog didn't eat all of its food.

这只狗什么都不吃。

 it's: Short form of 'it is' or 'it has'

it is或it has的缩写形式。

 Examples:

例子:

 (it is) It's difficult to understand him.

他真是一个让人读不透的人。

 (it has) It's been a long time since I had a beer.

我已经很久没喝过啤酒了。

 

8.last / latest

 last: adjective usually meaning 'final'

形容词,常表示“最后的”。

 Examples:

例子:

 I took the last train to Memphis.

我乘上了去往孟斐斯的末班车。

 This is the last test of the semester!

这是本学期最后一次测验。

 

latest: adjective meaning 'most recent' or 'new'

形容词,意为“最近的”或“最新的”。

 Examples:

例子:

 His latest book is excellent.

他的新书写得非常棒。

 Have you seen his latest painting?

你见过他最新的画作吗?

 9.lay / lie

 lay: verb meaning 'to put down flat' - past tense - laid, past participle – laid

动词,意为“放下”,过去式为laid,过去分词为laid。

 Examples:

例子:

He laid his pencil down and listened to the teacher.

他放下手中的铅笔,听老师讲课。

 I usually lay my pies on the shelf to cool.

我常常把馅饼放在架子上,让它变凉。

lie: verb meaning 'to be down' - past tense -lay , past participle – lain

动词,意为“躺下”,过去式为lay,过去分词是lain。

 Examples:

例子

 The girl lay on the bed asleep.

那个女孩躺在床上睡着了。

At the moment, he's lying on the bed.

此刻,他正躺在床上。

 10.lose / loose

 lose: verb meaning 'to misplace'

动词,意为“丢失”。

Examples:

例子:

 I lost my watch!

我把手表弄丢了!

Have you ever lost anything valuable?

你有没有弄丢过珍贵的东西?

 loose: adjective meaning the opposite of 'tight'

形容词,意义与“绷紧的”相反。

 Examples:

例子:

 Your trousers are very loose!

你的裤子太松了!

 I need to tighten this screw. It's loose.

我要把螺丝钉拧紧点,它太松了。

 11.male / masculine

 male: the sex of a man or animal

男人或雄性动物。

 Examples:

例子:

The male of the species is very lazy.

这种雄性生物非常懒惰。

 The question 'female or male' means 'are you a woman or a man'.

这个“女或男”的问题问的是“你是女人还是男人”。

 masculine: adjective describing a quality or type of behaviour that is considered typical for a man.

形容词,用来描述男性常有的特征或行为方式。

 Examples:

例子:

She's a very masculine woman.

她是一个女汉子。

 His opinions are just too masculine for me.

他的观点对我来说太大男子主义了。

 12.price / prize

 price: noun - what you pay for something.

名词——你为某物付出的钱

 Examples:

例子:

 The price was very cheap.

价格非常便宜。

 What's the price of this book?

这本书多少钱?

 prize: noun - an award

名词——奖励。

 Examples:

例子:

 He won a prize as best actor.

他获得了最佳男演员奖。

 Have you ever won a prize in a competition?

你有没有在比赛中得过奖?

 13.principal / principle

 principal: adjective meaning 'the most important'

形容词,意为“最重要的”。

 Examples:

例子:

 The principal reason for my decision was the money.

我之所以做这个决定,最重要的原因就是钱。

 What are the principal irregular verbs?

有哪些重要的不规则动词?

 principle: a rule (usually in science but also concerning morals)

规则(常用于科学,但也涉及道德领域)

 Examples:

例子:

It's the first principle of aerodynamics.

这是气体力学的第一准则。

 He has very loose principles.

他的原则弹性很大。

 14.quite / quiet

 quite: adverb of degree meaning 'very' or 'rather'

副词,意为“非常”或“相当”。

 Examples:

例子:

 This test is quite difficult.

这次测验非常难。

 He was quite exhausted after the long journey.

长时间的旅行后,他疲惫不堪。

 quiet: adjective meaning the opposite of loud or noisy

形容词,意思与“喧闹的”“嘈杂的”相反。

 Examples:

例子:

 Could you please be quiet?!

能请你安静点吗?

 She's a very quiet girl.

她是一个非常安静的女孩。

 15.sensible / sensitive

 sensible: adjective meaning 'having common sense' i.e. 'not stupid'

形容词,意为“有常识的”,即“不笨的”。

 Examples:

例子:

 I wish you would be more sensible about things.

我希望,你遇事能够更明智一点。

 I'm afraid you aren't being very sensible.

恐怕你不够明智。

sensitive: adjective meaning 'to feel very deeply' or 'to hurt easily'.

形容词,意为“敏感的”或“易受伤害的”。

 Examples:

例子:

 You should be careful with David. He's very sensitive.

你要小心大卫。他非常敏感。

 Mary is a very sensitive woman.

玛丽是一个极易受伤的女人。

 16.shade / shadow

shade: protection from the sun, a dark area outside on a sunny day.

在晴天隔绝太阳的荫凉区。

 Examples:

例子:

 You should sit in the shade for a while.

你应该到荫凉处坐会儿。

 It's too hot. I'm going to find some shade.

太热了,我要找个地方乘凉。

 shadow: the dark area created by something else on a sunny day.

在晴天,由某物制造出的阴影区。

 Examples:

例子:

 That tree casts a large shadow.

这棵树投下一大片阴影。

 Have you ever noticed your shadow getting longer as it gets later in the day?

你注意到影子会随着天色越晚而拉长吗?

 

17.some time / sometimes

 some time: refers to an indefinite time in the future

指的是未来一个不确定的时间。

 Examples:

例子:

Let's meet for coffee some time.

找个时间一起喝杯咖啡吧。

I don't know when I'll do it - but I will do it some time.

我不知道什么时候会去做——但我会在某个时候去做的。

 sometimes: adverb of frequency meaning 'occasionally'

频率副词,意为“偶尔”。

 Examples:

例子:

 He sometimes works late.

他有时候会工作到很晚。

Sometimes, I like eating Chinese food.

有时我喜欢吃中国菜。
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